Badminton Serve: The Complete Guide for Beginners (Proven Tips)

Did you know that badminton used to be played by the upper class and royals?

Did you also know that badminton wasn’t played in the Olympics until 1992?

Badminton’s history has been a long and interesting one. Through the journey, a lot of things have changed including the rules and the playing techniques. Recently, badminton has become one of the most played indoor sports in the world, meaning that a lot of people are joining the sport every day.

I have put together the essential information that you need to know as a beginner: Badminton Serve.

Badminton Serve

First of all, there are four main serves in badminton which we will discuss below.

However, let’s begin with the rules.

Serve Rules

If you want to win any game, following the rules seems like the first thing that you need to consider even before showing your prowess in the game. In badminton, a serve is often seen as one of the most critical shots in the game as it dictates the direction of a game. In this regard, knowing your limitations is vital.

Badminton rules dictate that during the serve, both your feet should be in contact with the ground, the racket should only make contact with the shuttle below your waistline and the racket head should always be below your waist during a serve at the point of contact.

In doubles, the rules are the same, but you should expect additional ones. As expected, the shuttlecock should go over the net and must not fall on the non-service area immediately after the net. Typically, different situations call for different serving styles and here are the most common ones.

The High/Long Serve

This is a favorite serve when playing singles although it can be used in doubles as well. The serve meant to throw back the opponent to the farthest point in his court which results in a weak return.

When using this serve in doubles, be very careful as some strong opponents are capable of turning it into a disadvantage for your team. The serve doesn’t require a lot of skill, and once you get used to it, it becomes easier to win from the return almost always.

The Low/Short Serve

The low serve can be done using your forehand or backhand. It is normally used to force the opponents into lifting the shuttle which gives your team a better opportunity of smashing.

The low serve is also suitable for playing singles in some circumstances such as when the opponent is stronger than you.

In singles, it’s advisable to interchange between the forehand high serve and low serve as it gives you an opportunity to surprise your opponent.

The Flick Serve

The flick serve is an essential shot in a doubles game. However, it can occasionally be used in singles where you try to trick your opponent. The idea behind the serve is to deny the opponent enough time to return the serve comfortably. It is served just like the high serve, but you need to go a bit low, somewhere in between the high serve and the low serve.

Usually, you will use your wrist to flick the shuttle. The flick serve can either be done using the backhand or the forehand. If it’s executed correctly, it gives the opponent no time to return the shot which means he/she has to hit the shuttlecock uncomfortably from behind his position on the court.

The Drive Serve

A drive serve sometimes referred to as an attacking serve, is mostly perfect for a doubles game because the receiver is a bit further away from the net as compared to a singles game. The idea here is to force the opponent to a quick response hoping they can make a mistake when returning the short.

The drive serve should be fast and low just a few inches above the net. In most professional games, the drive serve is used sparingly as most professional players are able to handle it.

If you are playing against amateurs or junior players who might have difficulties returning the serve, this is the easiest way of earning points effortlessly. However, when using the serve, ensure that the point of contact is still below the waistline.


The serves mentioned above can all be played using various techniques. However, you might want to consider the most common and the ones used in all the serves which are at the receiver, wide and straight angles. Serving straight works best for low serves as well as at the receiver. However, wider serves tend to be more technical and require a lot of experience.

There are various techniques that you can use to frustrate your opponent in badminton during the serve. However, it’s always nice to start with the basics before landing and mastering other techniques such as chops. Moreover, remember to always adhere to the rules and interchange the serves to surprise your opponent.

Badminton being a mental game, you need to understand your opponent’s mental preparedness to decide the type of serve to use in that particular situation. Moreover, you should always practice in order to perfect and find something that you are comfortable with and can relate to. Once you have found your ultimate serve, you can always try to improvise it so that it works for you against various opponents.

As mentioned earlier, you need to study your opponent carefully to understand the kind of serve that is required for that particular instance.

Finally, embrace your opponent and learn from your mistakes. Knowing how to serve is one thing while winning your serve is another. In this regard, you need to practice over and over until you are confident in at least two of the serves.

Peter S. Harper

I am Peter, a 39-year-old friendly being from the United States. I love playing a lot of sports such as tennis, table tennis, volleyball, softball, and badminton... I have created this blog to help you find information on different types of sports equipment and finding the right one to enhance your skills at the game.

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