5 Types of Badminton Shots and How to Use Them Effectively (How-to)

Here's the deal:

Badminton is one of the most comfortable sports to play and certainly one of the top racket sports in the world.

If you are considering playing badminton as a hobby or professionally, there are a few basics that you need to know before advancing.

I believe understanding the various shots used in badminton and how to use them effectively is a great starting point.

Badminton Shots

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To begin with, badminton shots are divided into two main categories which are defensive and offensive shots.

Let's have a look at the most common badminton shots that you need to master.

The Badminton Serve Shot

Considered by many players as one of the most important shots in the game, the serve shot takes the number one position when it comes to the most critical shots in badminton.

Various rules govern players and how to serve correctly. However, it’s up to the player to use advanced skills to beat the opponent from a serve.

There are two types of serve shots that you can use to beat your opponent in a serve. You can either use the shorthand serve or the high deep serve which achieves the exact opposite of each other.

While the shorthand serve aims at pushing the opponent close to the net, the high deep serve tries to force the opponent to the farthest end of their court ensuring that they struggle with their return to your advantage.

The Clear Shot

The clear shot automatically finds its place in the second position because it somehow becomes second nature when you start playing the game.

There are two main clear shots which are underhand clear shot and overhead clear shot. Learning these shots is very easy as the survival instinct is way too high in human beings.

Just like the shots mentioned above, the aim here is to throw your opponent off so that they can send in a weak return. The overhead clear shot aims at sending your opponent to the farthest end of their court consequently giving you more time to prepare for the next short. T

he best way to do this is to hit the shuttlecock high enough so that by the time it gets to the opponent you are already set for the next shot.

The Smash Shot

The smash shot finds a comfortable place at number three in regards to how fast you learn badminton shots.

Naturally, after learning how to serve and defend, the next thing that you will be looking forward to is aggressively attacking the opponent. In this regard, the smash shot is an offensive shot.

The idea behind the smash shot is to increase the speed and force used to hit the shuttlecock in a way that it will be difficult for your opponent to return the shot and if he is lucky enough to return the shot, he gives you a weak return.

To execute the shot correctly, ensure that you are in the middle of the court and the shuttlecock is high enough for you to hit it facing downwards towards the opponent’s court.

The Drive Shot

The drive shot is a horizontal or sometimes slightly downward shot aimed at frustrating the opponent, consequently returning a weak shot and giving you an advantage over your opponent. In most cases, drive shots are supposed to be very quick and can be countered by the same kind of shot.

The best thing about drive shots is that they can be done using either forehand or the backhand of the racket. If executed correctly, it leaves the opponent with no choice but to give a high return which provides you with a chance to smash or use any other attacking shot.

The Drop Shot

The drop shot is one of the most common badminton shots and can be categorized into two main categories which are underhand and overhand.

To efficiently execute the shot, you need to be very keen on the opponents movements. This shot aims at throwing your opponent off balance leading to a very weak return consequently giving you a chance to attack.

In most cases when done correctly, the opponent ends up stretching and sends in a ‘survival’ return rather than a well-calculated winning return. To execute this shot correctly, ensure that you trick your opponent into expecting a drive shot or a smash and then quickly and gently try to drop the shuttlecock on the opponent’s court as close as possible to the net.

When executed by a professional, the opponent might either push the shuttlecock way too high or hit it against the net winning his opponent a point.


There are other numerous shots in badminton such as long drops,  and net shots. Nevertheless, the shots mentioned above are the most popular and the ones that you need to master before going into other shots.

Once you have learned these shots, the idea is to keep practicing until you find your unique winning shot and a style to execute it.

Furthermore, understanding that these shots are quickly interchangeable, and could give you a head start against your opponent. In the end, these shots might not always work out which means that you need to learn more shots and how to interchange them as well as the right time to use them. In the case where your shots go wrong, become and try to be diverse rather than giving up on some shots.

Peter S. Harper

I am Peter, a 39-year-old friendly being from the United States. I love playing a lot of sports such as tennis, table tennis, volleyball, softball, and badminton... I have created this blog to help you find information on different types of sports equipment and finding the right one to enhance your skills at the game.

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